Backstone Edge

Backstone Edge

Backstone Edge is one of the more interesting, though less heralded, fells of the North Pennines and shares, with Murton Fell, the spectacular valley of High Cup Gill.

Height (m): 699
Height (ft): 2293
Prominence (m): 26
Classification: Nuttall
Hill No: 2723
Grid Ref: NY725276
OS Map OL19
No. of Visits 1, 2

Backstone Edge is one of the less heralded fells of the North Pennines. It appears on the Nuttall list of English 2000ft mountains but just fails to qualify as a Hewitt. Its relative lack of fame is all the more surprising considering that it shares with Murton Fell the valley of High Cup, one of the outstanding natural features of the Pennines.

Backstone Edge from High Cup Nick
Backstone Edge from High Cup Nick

Backstone Edge sits on the main Pennine watershed, to the south it is separated from Murton Fell by the aforementioned High Cup, to the west the fell falls with varying degrees of steepness to the Eden Valley. To the north is the valley of Great Rundale and the much higher height of Knock Fell while to the east gentler slopes lead to the remote moors upland valley of Maize Beck.

Backstone Edge from Dufton Pike
Backstone Edge from Dufton Pike

The valley of High Cup has been described as the finest example of a glaciated valley in England. From High Cup Nick, at the head of the valley, it is a breathtaking sight. While the Pennine Way leaves High Cup Nick to descend the lower slopes of Backstone Edge it is unlikely that many Pennine wayfarers make the detour to the summit.

The Pennine Way climbing up the side of Backstone Edge toward High Cup Nick
The Pennine Way climbing up the side of Backstone Edge toward High Cup Nick

While High Cup is justly celebrated another fine valley, Great Rundale, divides Backstone Edge from Knock Fell to the north. Great Rundale is another steep sided valley but, partly due to the intensive mining in the area, has a much more rugged feel to it than High Cup. At the head of the valley are the mines of Threlkeld Side. Threlkeld Side was originally a lead mine but from the end of the nineteenth century until 1924 it was mainly used for the extraction of barytes. While the levels, limekilns and spoil heaps are the typical remains of a Pennine lead mine I found the climb up Great Rundale much more reminiscent of the Lake District.

The path leading to the head of Great Rundale
The path leading to the head of Great Rundale

Another interesting feature of Backstone Edge is the number of tarns on its summit plateau. Upland tarns in the North Pennines are much less common than in the Central Pennines of the Yorkshire Dales but on Backstone Edge there are three sizeable tarns, Great Rundale Tarn, Little Rundale Tarn, Seamore Tarn as well as numerous lesser sheets of water.

By Great Rundale Tarn
By Great Rundale Tarn

Interestingly Great Rundale Tarn does not drain into Great Rundale Beck to the west but rather into Maize Beck and ultimately the River Tees to the east. Indeed most of the water that flows off Backstone Edge heads east into the Tees. The main exception is Little Rundale Beck which flows out of its namesake tarn and whose waters divide the western flank of the fell in two. Pottering about the fell top visiting the numerous tarns is a pleasurable way to while away the time. That said I was disappointed on my last visit to find Seamore Tarn empty.

On my last visit Seamore Tarn was empty of water
On my last visit Seamore Tarn was empty of water

The summit of the fell is marked by a large cairn with a stake in it. The ground in the immediate vicinity is rather flat and the views are mainly of the upper slopes of the surrounding North Pennine heights of Knock Fell, Meldon Hill, Mickle Fell and Murton Fell.

The summit cairn looking towards Cross Fell
The summit cairn looking towards Cross Fell

A much better viewpoint is from the stone trig point to the south west which was built in 1960. Called simply ‘Dufton’ on the Ordnance Survey database the trig point is much closer to the edge of the plateau and is a particularly fine viewpoint looking west across the Eden valley towards the long skyline of Lakeland fells.

The view towards the Lake District from the trig point
The view towards the Lake District from the trig point

On both of my visits to the summit of Backstone Edge I have been blessed with some fantastic weather. It is perhaps one of the most underrated fells I know. While it may not be as visually arresting as many, or be particularly prominent compared to its neighbours, it is without doubt a very interesting place to explore. There are a whole host of pools, tarns, curricks, cairns and crags to be explored.

Enjoying the view of Dufton Pike from a large cairn at the southern end of Backstone Edge
Enjoying the view of Dufton Pike from a large cairn at the southern end of Backstone Edge

Backstone Edge Walks

21st March 2015 – Distance: 11.6 miles: Dufton – Pennine Way – 445m top – Pennine Way – Narrow Gate – High Cup Nick – Narrowgate Beacon – Little Rundale Tarn – Seamore Tarn – Backstone Edge – Great Rundale Tarn – Threlkeld Side – Pusgill House – Dufton.
View Walk Details >>

28th October 2007 – Distance: 10.1 miles: Dufton – Threlkeld Side – Backstone Edge – Great Rundale Tarn – Knock Fell – Knock Hush – Pennine Way – Dufton.
View Walk Details >>


<< Back to Hills, Moors & Fells